A comparison of manifesto between Barisan Nasional and Pakatan Harapan - Who Is Better ? - The Coverage
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A comparison of manifesto between Barisan Nasional and Pakatan Harapan – Who Is Better ?

The manifesto of Barisan Nasional and Pakatan Harapan are both released. In this war of manifesto, who is the winner?

Apart from the issue on Unified Examination Certificate, both political divide are highlighting on lower cost of living, revive economy, empower women and youth to have a better future, develop education, tax incentive, affordable housing project, upgrade welfare for settlers and status of bumiputra.

However, the Barisan Nasional government place more emphasis on welfare of civil servants while Pakatan Harapan stress on initiating revamp on system and measures to wipe out corruption.

After the Orange Book launched during Pakatan Rakyat era, Pakatan Harapan again acknowledge UEC in manifesto while Barisan Nasional touch on UEC for the first time in its manifesto.

Felda Settler

Barisan Nasional

Special incentive of RM5,000 for each Felda settler
Special grant of RM7,500 per hectre for eligible Felda settler in replanting programme. This reduces 70% debt borne by Felda settler due to replanting.
Write-off debts born by Felda settlers for purchasing FGV shares
RM300million of special allocation for eligible Felda settlers in the next five years, write-off extraordinary or extreme debt
Increasing housing for Felda settlers
Upgrade 422km of roads in Felda settlers’ area
Additional street lamps for Felda settlers
Waste system for 419km of Felda area
Additional road signs, road direction and street lamps in Felda area
A one-stop service centre set up in Felda.

Pakatan Harapan

End malpractices in Felda
Restructure management framework in Felda
Defend settlers and help them to reduce debt
Upgrade and modernise settlers area
Quality education for settlers’ children

Tax

Barisan Nasional

Women who returned to workforce are offered 24 months of tax subsidy
Review individual and corporate tax rate
Employers who offer childcare facilities are given tax reduction
Tax exemption period for revival of abandoned housing project extended
Tax deduction for parents’ medical expenses increase from RM5,000 to RM10,000
Rental income exempted from tax

Pakatan Harapan

Goods and Services Tax abolished in 100 days, resumption of sales and service tax
Import tax for first car below 1,600 cc lowered
Employers who help staff paying Higher Education Loan Fund without salary deduction are offered tax reduction
Developers are offered tax reduction for building affordable homes and industrialised construction system.

Youth

Barisan Nasional

1Malaysia Training Scheme 2.0 (SLIM 2.0) for employed university graduates and employers in future.
50,000 job opportunities created through vocational education training camp designed with future employers
Subsidy for youth in rural area to sit for B2 licence through MyLesen programme
Set up special GLC fund to create 10,000 jobs for social entrepreneurs
TN50 monthly pass for public transport
Set up MyCadang to collect views from youth, submit to cabinet on monthly basis
Interim housing project for 1Malaysia youth
Learning subsidy for youth who sign up Malaysia online course
Broadband charges reduced by half, speed doubled

Pakatan Harapan

Relax repayment scheme for Higher Education Loan Fund (PTPTN). Those who earn below RM4,000 a month can defer payment of loan.
Wedding allowance for couple below 35 years of age in first marriage
Broadband charges reduced by half, speed doubled
Mobility of youth is listed as one of the agendas in ASEAN Economic community
Ensure sufficient employment with compatible remuneration
Free education opportunities
Emphasis on sports and leisure – balance in work and life

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Housing

Barisan Nasional

Set up special bank to handle loan for affordable home and low cost homes below RM300,000.
Offer special incentive to encourage more enterprises to participate Industrialised Building System (IBS)
Subsidy offered to encourage more banks and developers to offer rent to buy scheme
Mandatory KPI set for affordable housing scheme
Housing tribunal to resolve disputes
An independent agency to be set up to co-ordinate affordable housing proposal
Public housing lease scheme introduced to assist lower income group and disabled group as tenants
Syariah compliant sales and purchase agreement on property

Pakatan Harapan

After launching rent to own scheme across the country, seek consensus with commercial banks to launch similar scheme in private property development project and sub-sale market.
Set a deadline for all housing projects and offer subsistence to small and medium developers
Consolidate 1Malaysia home projects across the country to ensure no cronies gain from the project
Increase quota for affordable home
Set up national affordable home council
Build 1 million affordable homes across the country in two terms

Civil Servants

Barisan Nasional

Expand flexi-working hours plan in public service
Upgrade equipment in military hospitals
Prepare 45,000 homes for families of military personnel by 2030
Build 10,000 units of One Soldier One Home (SASaR) for army
Build 1,800 units of One Soldier One Home for retired army
10,000 units of 1Malaysia civil servant housing scheme for police
Increase quota on military and police personnel for pilgrimage trip
More PERNAMA shops selling daily items on lower prices
Retired soldiers who are not entitled to 1Malaysia cash aid entitle to one off special aid of RM600

Pakatan Harapan

Ensure neither political party nor politics to intervene civil servants at work
Civil servants are promoted according to performance and experience
Civil servants are encouraged to be more creative and think out of the box

Reduce people’s burden

Barisan Nasional

New categories for BRIM – family earning between RM4,000 to RM5,000 to receive cash aid of RM700
Cash aid for family earning less than RM3,000 under BRIM to receive RM800 instead of RM400 in July and August. Family under this category receive a total of RM2,000
Cash aid for family earning between RM3,000 and RM4,000 under BRIM to receive RM600 instead of RM300 in July and August. Family under this category receive a total of RM1,500
For singles who earn less than RM2,000 a month, they received RM450 of cash aid in February. The cash aid increased to RM600 in June
Broadband charges reduced by half, Wi-Fi speed to double
Minimum wage to increase to RM1,500 per month in stages in five years
Lower interest charges and fine for delay in credit card payment
TN 50 public transportation pass between RM50 and RM150 per month for students, young workers, senior citizens and disabled
Better welfare, insurance coverage, medical benefits and living subsidies for workers earning less than RM2,500 per month

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Pakatan Harapan

Abolish toll charges gradually
Citizens who are entitled BRIM will continue to receive the cash aid, system is improved for funds to be managed and distributed fairly.
B40 and M40 groups to receive aid accordingly
Stabilise oil price, offer oil subsidy to the needy category
Caring plan currently implemented in Selangor to be implemented across the country to provide B40 families medical subsidy of RM500 per year
Reduce broadband fees by half, double WIFI speed
Minimum wage is increased to RM1,500 during the first term of office, minimum wage is standardised in both Peninsula Malaya and East Malaysia. Review is conducted every two year where employers and government would share the cost of salary increment
RM100 of monthly travel pass for unlimited use on all kinds of public transport
Stabilise prices of essential goods, control factors which lead to increase in prices of goods
Ensure healthy competition among suppliers, fair prices of medical products
Ensure sufficient supply of goods during festive seasons to prevent sudden surge in price
Lower the import tax of first car below 1,600 cc for people to buy first car at lower price but family with household income below RM8,000 to only buy one car to prevent abuse

Chinese education development

Barisan Nasional

Malaysian citizens with oversea qualifications equivalent to SPM and STPM who have credit in Malay paper and a pass in history are qualified to enter any public institutions of higher learning. The criteria apply to Unified Examination Certificate (UEC)
Build new schools, including Chinese primary school, Tamil primary school according to demand. Special allocation offered to develop and refurbish to consolidate multi-stream of education in the country.

Pakatan Harapan

Recognise UEC for Chinese independent school students to enter public institutions of higher learning. Applicant requires a minimum of credit in SPM Malay paper
Institutionalise allocation to Chinese primary schools and Chinese independent schools

Education

Barisan Nasional

Discount card for students to reduce financial burden on transport, government services and purchase of learning items
Wi-Fi speed in public universities to increase to 100Gbps
5 million students to be equipped with digital technology for Industrial revolution 4.0 within five years.
Through SL1M 2.0 job matching committee, university students are in contacts with employers in advance
Upgrade integrated special education plan to offer special children education and stimulate their potential
1Malaysia Education saving plan increase the one on one special incentive to RM1,000
Through Double Language Programme (DLP), Higher Integration Programme (HIP) and trial run of English schools in Sabah and Sarawak to upgrade students’ command of language

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Pakatan Harapan

PTPTN loan recipients can defer payment if their monthly salary is less than RM4,000, abolish blacklist on defaulters
Increase scholarship and study loan especially for university students who come from b40 and M40.
Ensure government-link companies to increase scholarships for B40 and M40 groups
Abolish Universities and University Colleges Act 1971, ensure quality of academics, freedom of speech, freedom of association and autonomy in higher institutions of learning. Students to receive allocation from school and manage student union on their own
Offer university staff who intend to pursue further studies with scholarships
Offer assistantship, enhance application of technology in schools to reduce teachers’ burden

Revive economy

Barisan Nasional

Increase 3 million job opportunities
Reduce dependency on foreign labour to 15% of total workforce in the country
Speed up the development of vision valley in Malaysia to 150,000 hectares and created 1.3 million of job opportunities.
Reduce financial deficit, ratio of national debt vs GDP to improve international credit ratings
Through AKPK programmes, introduce financial management courses in secondary schools to upgrade financial management concept
Upgrade Secretariat for the Advancement of Malaysian Entrepreneurs (SAME) for it to be a global value chain in assisting Chinese SMEs to be able to compete in ASEAN
Groom 1 million of digital entrepreneurs
Increase the speed to drive the country toward Industrial 4.0, plan public policies according to big data and draft development path in science and technology
Propelling high technology industries through increased foreign direct investment in targeted sectors in order to increase the number of high-skilled jobs
Through RM1 billion of allocation in Halal Development Fund, drive halal economy to upgrade national economy
Provide more platforms and funds for industry players, stimulate actual potential of creative industry as new source of income for the nation

Pakatan Harapan

Create 1 million of top-notched job opportunities, offer free technical training to the unemployed
Reduce 6 million foreign labour to 4 million during first term of office, resolve problem of local workers unable to have pay rise due to high number of foreign workers
Resume potential of ringgit within three years, appoint Bank Negara to draft strategies to avoid over-dependency on import of milk, poultry, vegetables which lead to price increase due to depreciation of ringgit
Review all mega contracts the Barisan Nasional government awarded to foreigners to ensure no corruption and malpractices, continue to attract foreign funds from China and other Asian countries into Malaysia
Continue to develop SMEs which contribute 65% of employment in the country, supply subsidy package for SMEs to drive the transformation of Industrial 4.0
Ensure outcome of investment made by China funds can be shared by all people especially local bumiputras and SMEs of all races
Revive new economy, share economy and research sector, enhance protection of intellectual property so as to promote more corporations venturing into innovative industry
Support corporations which need innovative technologies, ensure investment policy can attract latest technologies.

1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Christopher Ng Huar Tag

    May 24, 2018 at 10:16

    The manifesto from Pakatan Harapan is better than that from BN. The PH’s manifesto are more logical and real, whereas the manifesto of BN are like fantasy, illogical and out of touch from reality. More like a scram.

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