According to Wikipedia , “Frogs feature prominently in folklore, fairy tales, and popular culture. They tend to be portrayed as benign, ugly, and clumsy, but with hidden talents.”
Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad once said during a packed hustings event in Serendah, Selangor, on the night of April 22, 2010, that it was dangerous to trust “frogs”, for one would never know where they would jump to next.
“Do not put your trust in this frog. What happens if he is drunk? How is he going to do his work?” he said during that hot and sultry night, leaving the crowd that had turned up in stitches.
When politicians switch allegiance faster than a speeding bullet, it takes Malaysian humour to deal with the situation.
1. Jeffrey Kitingan
PBS – AKAR – PBRS – UPKO – UMNO – PKR – UBA – STAR – USA – STAR
Datuk Dr. Jeffrey Gapari Kitingan is a politician from the state of Sabah in Malaysia. He was born in the town of Kota Marudu and graduated from Harvard University (John F. Kennedy School of Government). His brother, Tan Sri Datuk Sri Panglima Joseph Pairin Kitingan, is also a politician and a former Chief Minister of Sabah. Jeffrey has been referred as political “frog” (katak in Malay) for his penchant of party hopping throughout his political career. Jeffrey responded by saying that party hopping has been the common practice in Sabah politics. He defended himself that he switch parties in order to find the one that is suitable to fight for the rights of the Sabah people.
He is also known to have switched political parties a number of times. In 1990, he started his political career together with his brother Joseph Pairin Kitingan in Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS).
However, after the 1994 state election, he abandoned his brother and PBS to join Parti Angkatan Keadilan Rakyat (AKAR), leading to the downfall of the PBS government in Sabah. He tried to climb to the top post of the AKAR party but failed and rejoined PBS in 1996.
However, in 2000, he quit PBS again and joined Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (PBRS), tried to take over the party but failed again. He then quit the PBRS party in 2002 and tried to join United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO).
However, he quickly withdrew his membership application from UPKO and tried to join back PBS again for the third time, but PBS did not welcome him back into the party.
In 2003, he applied to join the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) twice: one through UMNO headquarters in Kuala Lumpur, but was rejected. He then applied another membership through UMNO Keningau branch in Sabah using his legal name “Gapari bin Kitingan @ Geoffrey Kitingan” and was mistakenly accepted by UMNO.
Jeffrey was able to produce his UMNO membership card. However, once the UMNO supreme council realised their error, they immediately revoked Jeffrey’s membership. Jeffrey remained partyless until he was accepted into Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) in 2006 where he became the vice-president of the party.
He resigned his vice-president post in 2009 but remained as a party member. In December 2010, Jeffrey founded a NGO named United Borneo Alliance (UBA), which aimed to strive the rights of Sabah and Sarawak in accordance to 20-point agreement and Malaysia Agreement. He finally quit the PKR party in January 2011.
In 2012, Jeffrey launched the Sabah chapter of Sarawak based State Reform Party (STAR). In October 2015, he brought his UBA into United Sabah Alliance (USA). In 2016, he brought his Sabah chapter out of the Sarawak-based STAR to establish a Sabah based party named Homeland Solidarity Party (STAR)
2. Ibrahim Ali
UMNO – SEMANGAT 46 – INDEPENDENT – PAS – PERKASA – PUTRA
Ibrahim was first elected to Parliament in the 1986 election for the Pasir Mas seat in Kelantan representing United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) of the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. However he later contested in the 1990 election and held the seat for Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46) before losing the seat in the 1995 election and in the 1999 election as BN candidate and re-contesting it as an independent candidate in the 2004 election.
Ibrahim also contested as independent but lost again in the three-corner fight Pengkalan Pasir by-election, 2005. In the 2008 election, he ran for the Pasir Mas seat on the endorsement of the opposition Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), winning re-election.
However, Ibrahim subsequently fell out with PAS, and sits as an independent in Parliament having indicated a willingness to support the BN government. He again lost his seat as independent to newcomer Nik Muhammad Abduh Nik Aziz of PAS amid BN had stay out of the fray in the 2013 general election, but remains active in Perkasa. In the 2018 general election, he contested again as independent candidate and lost.
Ibrahim Ali as a politician has been notorious for making baseless and controversial statements against non-Malay and non-Muslim groups in Malaysia.
3. Ezam Mohd Noor
UMNO – PKR – GERAK – UMNO – PPBM – NEW GEN
Two New Generation Party (NewGen) leaders have quit the party.
According to NewGen secretary-general S. Gobi Krishnan, the resignations of party president Datuk Mohd Ezam Mohd Nor and deputy president Datuk Seri Khairuddin Abu Hassan were effective July 1.
They had joined NewGen on March 16.
Khairuddin quit Umno in 2016 after which he became one of the founding members of Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (Pribumi). He however, resigned from Pribumi in October.
4.Wee Choo Keong – The Only Chinese Politician That Have Jump More Than 3 Times
DAP – MDP – PKR – INDEPENDENT
Wee Choo Keong is a Malaysian politician. He was the Member of Parliament for Bukit Bintang from 1990 to 1995 and for Wangsa Maju from 2008 to 2013. Wee has been a member of the Democratic Action Party (DAP), the Malaysian Democratic Party (MDC) which he formed, and the People’s Justice Party (PKR) which he tried to join before turning independent eventually. Wee was appointed as Tourism Malaysia chairperson by the then ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) government on 17 June 2015.
The Malaysian Chinese King of Political Frogs
5. Zaid Ibrahim
UMNO – PKR – KITA – DAP
Dato’ Mohd Zaid bin Ibrahim is a prominent Malaysian lawyer turned politician and is a former Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department for Legal Affairs and Judicial Reform (March 2008-September 2008). He was previously a Senator in the Dewan Negara, the upper chamber of the Parliament of Malaysia.
He was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), before being suspended on 2 December 2008. UMNO is part of the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition which he joined in 2000. He was the Member of Parliament for Kota Bharu from 2004 to 2008.
In June 2009 Zaid joined the opposition Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR). As part of the Pakatan Rakyat opposition alliance, Zaid was appointed to head the coalition’s Common Policy Framework group where he was responsible for formulating a common manifesto and governing policy between the three disparate political parties (PKR, PAS, DAP) that made up the loose opposition alliance.
On 13 December 2010, the Malaysian Human’s Justice Front (AKIM), a tiny Kelantan-based opposition party, announced that Zaid Ibrahim has joined its ranks as a party member, with the view of having Zaid lead and revamp AKIM into a viable political party for the coming 13th Malaysian General Elections.
In 2017 , he has officially joined the DAP. Zaid said he chose the opposition party as he believes he will be able to reach out to Malay voters. The announcement was made at his home in Tropicana Golf Resort on Tuesday.
Also present at the press conference were DAP adviser Lim Kit Siang and Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia chairman Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.
6. Muhammad Taib
UMNO – PAS – PKR – UMNO
The political veteran joined UMNO in 1964, and quickly rose within its ranks to be appointed as Selangor Umno deputy state liaison committee chief and elected UMNO vice-president. In 1993, Muhammad and two other top party leaders then – Najib Razak and Muhyiddin Yassin – won the vice-presidency after they joined Anwar Ibrahim who won the deputy presidency uncontested; forming Vision Team (Team Wawasan) to face the UMNO internal party election.
Muhammad was former Selangor state assemblyman of Batang Kali constituency for four terms, winning in the general elections of 1982, 1986, 1990 and 1995. He served as Menteri Besar of Selangor from 1986 to 1997. However, he was forced to resign as Selangor Menteri Besar in April 1997 after he was charged in Australia over currency irregularities involving more than $A1.2 million (RM2.9 million).
In 2006, he was appointed as a senator in the Dewan Negara, the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia. This allowed him to be appointed as a minister by Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi in March 2008. He contested the post of UMNO deputy president in March 2009 but came out second to Muhyiddin Yassin. His stint in the Cabinet ended after a reshuffling by new Prime Minister Najib Razak in April 2009.
On 14 April 2013, Muhammad joined opposition Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), a component party of Pakatan Rakyat (PR) then. He was formally introduced by the party on 22 April 2013, just two days after the 13th General Election nomination day to avoid allegations that he took the step to be nominated in the general election.
PAS is the only party that can lead Malaysia towards Islam, Muhammad said. In previous statements Muhammad was a strong critic for the Pakatan Rakyat led state government of Selangor. He stated that Pakatan Rakyat Selangor, under the helm of the Menteri Besar of Selangor Khalid Ibrahim was losing grip of the state. He even stated that he believes that Saiful Bukhari Azlan, the accuser of Anwar Ibrahim sexual escapades was the real victims and no one is helping Saiful Bukhari.
On 10 September 2015, Muhammad quit PAS and joined People’s Justice Party (PKR) of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) opposition coalition.
On 17 September 2017, Muhammad rejoined UMNO announced by Najib Razak in a special media conference after leaving it to be with the opposition for four years
7. Rais Yatim
UMNO – SEMANGAT 46 – PPBM
Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Utama Dr. Rais bin Yatim is a Malaysian politician. He was a minister in multiple federal governments from 1974 to 2013 and the eighth Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan from 1978 to 1982. He held the Jelebu seat in the Parliament of Malaysia until 2013.
He was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the leading party in Malaysia’s previous ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, except for a period in the 1990s when he was a member of the opposition Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46). Presently he is a member of Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), a component of Pakatan Harapan (PH) ruling coalition since he quitted UMNO to join PPBM on 4 June 2018.
8. Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy
HINDRAF – HRP – BN – MAP
On 18 April 2013, HINDRAF and the then ruling government BN signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). At the MOU signing ceremony, Waythamoorthy had also urged Indian voters to vote for BN in GE-13, saying only the ruling coalition can take care of the community’s welfare.
Wathya was appointed as the deputy minister in the Prime Minister’s Department after Barisan Nasional formed the government following the simple majority seat victory in the general election. Waythamoorthy said that he and Hindraf would be able to solve the issue of stateless Indians in the country within five years.
However, on 8 February 2014, after being in the government for eight (8) months,Waytha announced his resignation from all government positions and the Dewan Negara, for the failure and breach of trust of the government to start reform policies and programs to uplift the Malaysian Indian community.
In August 2017, HINDRAF under the leadership of Waytha Moorthy met with Chairman of Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad and initiated a working relationship with Pakatan Harapan (PH) for the General Election 14 in 2018. Tun Dr. Mahathir recognizing the importance of HINDRAF in its ability to reach out to grassroots Indians in the semi-rural and rural areas officially accepted HINDRAF as an associate / strategic partner of Pakatan Harapan (PH).
In recognition of the contribution of HINDRAF, Waytha Moorthy was sworn in as a Senator on 17 July 2018 and appointed as the Minister of Unity and Social Well Being under the current Pakatan Harapan government administration.
A new political party has been submitted for registration by its pro-team committee lead by YB Minister Waytha Moorthy with ROS. This party will be called Malaysian Advancement Party (MAP).
9. Dato Nallakaruppan Solaimalai
MIC – PKR – MIUP
The Malaysian Indian United Party is a political party representing the Indian community in Malaysia. MIUP was founded and registered on 14 September 2007 and then launched on 25 November 2007 by Nallakaruppan Solaimalai or K.S. Nallakaruppan, who is better known as Anwar Ibrahim’s ‘tennis partner’ after his resignation from Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) because of his fallout with Anwar regarding the candidacy for the Ijok by-election, 2007.
10. Lokman Adam
UMNO – PKR – UMNO