Consult a doctor before giving any medication to your baby, especially the first time. Babies are much more likely than adults to have adverse drug reactions. If your baby throws up or develops a rash after taking medication, let the doctor know.
Here are some medicines you shouldn’t give your baby:
Aspirin is taken to treat mild to moderate pain and help alleviate fever. However, it should never be given to children without a doctor’s advice or consent. Aspirin has been linked to cause the rare but a serious condition called Reye’s syndrome in children especially those who are recovering from the flu and chickenpox. Reye’s syndrome can affect the liver and brain that can cause permanent brain injury and even death.
2. Cough and cold medicine
The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Food and Drug Administration in the U.S. do not recommend giving over-the-counter cough and cold medications to children below 4 years old. These include decongestants (phenylephrine), antihistamines (chlorpheniramine maleate and others), cough suppressants (dextromethorphan) and cough expectorants (guaifenesin). These medications have potentially serious side effects, including rapid heart rate and convulsions.
3. Ibuprofen when the fever is dengue-related
If you suspect your child’s fever is related to dengue, consult a doctor immediately and don’t give him medications like ibuprofen, mefanamic acid, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs should be strictly avoided as they have been shown to aggravate symptoms in dengue patients such as gastritis and bleeding, says Dr. Salvacion R. Gatchalian, vice president of the Philippine Pediatric Society.
4. Adult medication
Medication that does not specifically say that it’s for your child’s age should not be given to your child unless instructed so by your doctor. Even if it’s the same brand name, strengths and concentration can differ. This also means you shouldn’t give infant drops to older children as they’re usually more concentrated. In addition, do not give your child medicine where the dose is not for your child’s age or weight. Talk to a doctor instead on what to do.
Being small and hard, chewables are choking hazards for babies and toddlers. This goes the same for any medication in tablet form including chewable vitamins. If you want to give your child chewables or tablets, ask your doctor if you can crush it and add it in with a little food. (If the doctor gives you the go signal, make sure your child finishes all the food that you’ve mixed with the medication so she gets the full dose).
6. Medication prescribed to another child
Medication for another child, like a sibling, may not work and can even be dangerous when given to your little one. If you think your child is experiencing the same symptoms as the sibling, consult with your doctor and don’t try to diagnose your child’s problem on your own.